History Of Antalya
Attaleia to Adalia,
Adalia to Antalya...
The 80 hectares of land, which bears the traces of human settlement of nearly 2200 years from the founding of the ancient city of Attaleia to our day, has been designated as “Kaleiçi Urban and Archaeological Site” and is currently under protection. Except for a few exceptions, however, it is not possible to see or locate the remnants of majesticmonumental structures seen in many ancient cities of Anatolia such as stadiums, theaters, temples, hammams, etc. This fact is the fate of cities like Antalya Kaleiçi, where populations have settled continuously throughout history.
The impressive walls of the city, which have partially survived, are witnesses of history from the Hellenistic Period to the Ottomans. The most striking part of these walls is the Hadrian Gate. Dating back to 130 BC, this marble gate once greeted Emperor Hadrian with an inscription written with gold-plated bronze letters in his honor, saying welcome to the city.
The cylindrical Hıdırlık Tower located at the southwestern border of the city walls must be the mausoleum of someone who had reached the level of consul during the Roman Period. Along the axis that connects the tower with the Hadrian Gate, the ruins of a basilica with five naves is noteworthy, built in the fifth century on a parcel that might have been the agora. The church dedicated to Mary was built using the materials of an earlier period. It was converted into a mosque during the early Ottoman period, and continued its function undergoing repairs and taking on different names.
The Karatay Medrese, with its magnificent crown gate still in good condition and the Yivli Minare, built partially with tile bricks in the 13th century, are the leading examples of monumental Seljuk architecture in the city.